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Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  - GETSERVENT (3)

NAME

getservent, getservbyport, getservbyname, setservent, endservent - get service entry

CONTENTS

Library
Synopsis
Description
Files
Diagnostics
See Also
History
Bugs

LIBRARY


.Lb libc

SYNOPSIS


.In netdb.h struct servent * getservent struct servent * getservbyname const char *name const char *proto struct servent * getservbyport int port const char *proto void setservent int stayopen void endservent void

DESCRIPTION

The getservent, getservbyname, and getservbyport functions each return a pointer to an object with the following structure containing the broken-out fields of a line in the network services data base, /etc/services.
struct  servent {
        char    *s_name;        /* official name of service */
        char    **s_aliases;    /* alias list */
        int     s_port;         /* port service resides at */
        char    *s_proto;       /* protocol to use */
};

The members of this structure are:
s_name The official name of the service.
s_aliases
  A zero terminated list of alternate names for the service.
s_port The port number at which the service resides. Port numbers are returned in network byte order.
s_proto The name of the protocol to use when contacting the service.

The getservent function reads the next line of the file, opening the file if necessary.

The setservent function opens and rewinds the file. If the stayopen flag is non-zero, the net data base will not be closed after each call to getservbyname or getservbyport.

The endservent function closes the file.

The getservbyname and getservbyport functions sequentially search from the beginning of the file until a matching protocol name or port number (which must be specified in network byte order) is found, or until EOF is encountered. If a protocol name is also supplied (non- NULL), searches must also match the protocol.

FILES

/etc/services
 

DIAGNOSTICS

Null pointer (0) returned on EOF or error.

SEE ALSO

getprotoent(3), services(5)

HISTORY

The getservent, getservbyport, getservbyname, setservent, and endservent functions appeared in BSD 4.2 .

BUGS

These functions use a thread-specific data storage; if the data is needed for future use, it should be copied before any subsequent calls overwrite it. Expecting port numbers to fit in a 32 bit quantity is probably naive.
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July 9, 1995 GETSERVENT (3)

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