GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Linux VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  - LIBMEMSTAT (3)

NAME

libmemstat - library interface to retrieve kernel memory allocator statistics

CONTENTS

Library
Synopsis
     General Functions
     Memory Type List Management Functions
     Allocator Query Functions
     Memory Type Accessor Methods
Description
     Library Vt memory_type Ss Fields
     Caller Vt memory_type Ss Fields
     Allocator Types
     Access Method List
Return Values
Examples
See Also
History
Authors
Bugs

LIBRARY


.Lb libmemstat

SYNOPSIS


.In sys/types.h
.In memstat.h

    General Functions

const char * memstat_strerror int error

    Memory Type List Management Functions

struct memory_type_list * memstat_mtl_alloc void struct memory_type * memstat_mtl_first struct memory_type_list *list struct memory_type * memstat_mtl_next struct memory_type *mtp struct memory_type *
.Fo memstat_mtl_find struct memory_type_list *list int allocator const char *name
.Fc void memstat_mtl_free struct memory_type_list *list int memstat_mtl_geterror struct memory_type_list *list

    Allocator Query Functions

int memstat_kvm_all struct memory_type_list *list void *kvm_handle int memstat_kvm_malloc struct memory_type_list *list void *kvm_handle int memstat_kvm_uma struct memory_type_list *list void *kvm_handle int memstat_sysctl_all struct memory_type_list *list int flags int memstat_sysctl_malloc struct memory_type_list *list int flags int memstat_sysctl_uma struct memory_type_list *list int flags

    Memory Type Accessor Methods

const char * memstat_get_name const struct memory_type *mtp int memstat_get_allocator const struct memory_type *mtp uint64_t memstat_get_countlimit const struct memory_type *mtp uint64_t memstat_get_byteslimit const struct memory_type *mtp uint64_t memstat_get_sizemask const struct memory_type *mtp uint64_t memstat_get_size const struct memory_type *mtp uint64_t memstat_get_memalloced const struct memory_type *mtp uint64_t memstat_get_memfreed const struct memory_type *mtp uint64_t memstat_get_numallocs const struct memory_type *mtp uint64_t memstat_get_numfrees const struct memory_type *mtp uint64_t memstat_get_bytes const struct memory_type *mtp uint64_t memstat_get_count const struct memory_type *mtp uint64_t memstat_get_free const struct memory_type *mtp uint64_t memstat_get_failures const struct memory_type *mtp void * memstat_get_caller_pointer const struct memory_type *mtp int index void
.Fo memstat_set_caller_pointer struct memory_type *mtp int index void *value
.Fc uint64_t memstat_get_caller_uint64 const struct memory_type *mtp int index void
.Fo memstat_set_caller_uint64 struct memory_type *mtp int index uint64_t value
.Fc uint64_t memstat_get_zonefree const struct memory_type *mtp uint64_t memstat_get_kegfree const struct memory_type *mtp uint64_t memstat_get_percpu_memalloced const struct memory_type *mtp int cpu uint64_t memstat_get_percpu_memfreed const struct memory_type *mtp int cpu uint64_t memstat_get_percpu_numallocs const struct memory_type *mtp int cpu uint64_t memstat_get_percpu_numfrees const struct memory_type *mtp int cpu uint64_t memstat_get_percpu_sizemask const struct memory_type *mtp int cpu void *
.Fo memstat_get_percpu_caller_pointer const struct memory_type *mtp int cpu int index
.Fc void
.Fo memstat_set_percpu_caller_pointer struct memory_type *mtp int cpu int index void *value
.Fc uint64_t
.Fo memstat_get_percpu_caller_uint64 const struct memory_type *mtp int cpu int index
.Fc void
.Fo memstat_set_percpu_caller_uint64 struct memory_type *mtp int cpu int index uint64_t value
.Fc uint64_t memstat_get_percpu_free const struct memory_type *mtp int cpu

DESCRIPTION

libmemstat provides an interface to retrieve kernel memory allocator statistics, for the purposes of debugging and system monitoring, insulating applications from implementation details of the allocators, and allowing a tool to transparently support multiple allocators. libmemstat supports both retrieving a single statistics snapshot, as well as incrementally updating statistics for long-term monitoring.

libmemstat describes each memory type using a
.Vt struct memory_type , an opaque memory type accessed by the application using accessor functions in the library. libmemstat returns and updates chains of
.Vt struct memory_type via a
.Vt struct memory_type_list , which will be allocated by calling memstat_mtl_alloc, and freed on completion using memstat_mtl_free. Lists of memory types are populated via calls that query the kernel for statistics information; currently: memstat_kvm_all, memstat_kvm_malloc, memstat_kvm_uma, memstat_sysctl_all, memstat_sysctl_uma, and memstat_sysctl_malloc. Repeated calls will incrementally update the list of memory types, permitting tracking over time without recreating all list state. If an error is detected during a query call, error condition information may be retrieved using memstat_mtl_geterror, and converted to a user-readable string using memstat_strerror.

Freeing the list will free all memory type data in the list, and so invalidates any outstanding pointers to entries in the list.
.Vt struct memory_type entries in the list may be iterated over using memstat_mtl_first and memstat_mtl_next, which respectively return the first entry in a list, and the next entry in a list. memstat_mtl_find, which will return a pointer to the first entry matching the passed parameters.

A series of accessor methods is provided to access fields of the structure, including retrieving statistics and properties, as well as setting of caller owned fields. Direct application access to the data structure fields is not supported.

    Library Vt memory_type Ss Fields

Each
.Vt struct memory_type holds a description of the memory type, including its name and the allocator it is managed by, as well as current statistics on use. Some statistics are directly measured, others are derived from directly measured statistics. Certain high level statistics are present across all available allocators, such as the number of allocation and free operations; other measurements, such as the quantity of free items in per-CPU caches, or administrative limit on the number of allocations, is available only for specific allocators.

    Caller Vt memory_type Ss Fields


.Vt struct memory_type includes fields to allow the application to store data, in the form of pointers and 64-bit integers, with memory types. For example, the application author might make use of one of the caller pointers to reference a more complex data structure tracking long-term behavior of the memory type, or a window system object that is used to render the state of the memory type. General and per-CPU storage is provided with each
.Vt struct memory_type in the form of an array of pointers and integers. The array entries are accessed via the index argument to the get and set accessor methods. Possible values of index range between 0 and MEMSTAT_MAXCALLER.

Caller-owned fields are initialized to 0 or NULL when a new
.Vt struct memory_type is allocated and attached to a memory type list; these fields retain their values across queries that update library-owned fields.

    Allocator Types

Currently, libmemstat supports two kernel allocators: ALLOCATOR_UMA for uma(9), and ALLOCATOR_MALLOC for malloc(9). These values may be passed to memstat_mtl_find, and will be returned by memstat_get_allocator. Two additional constants in the allocator name space are defined: ALLOCATOR_UNKNOWN, which will only be returned as a result of a library error, and ALLOCATOR_ANY, which can be used to specify that returning types matching any allocator is permittible from memstat_mtl_find.

    Access Method List

The following accessor methods are defined, of which some will be valid for a given memory type:
memstat_get_name
  Return a pointer to the name of the memory type. Memory for the name is owned by libmemstat and will be valid through a call to memstat_mtl_free. Note that names will be unique with respect to a single allocator, but that the same name might be used by different memory types owned by different memory allocators.
memstat_get_allocator
  Return an integer identifier for the memory allocator that owns the memory type.
memstat_get_countlimit
  If the memory type has an administrative limit on the number of simultaneous allocations, return it.
memstat_get_byteslimit
  If the memory type has an administrative limit on the number of bytes of memory that may be simultaenously allocated for the memory type, return it.
memstat_get_sizemask
  If the memory type supports variable allocation sizes, return a bitmask of sizes allocated for the memory type.
memstat_get_size
  If the memory type supports a fixed allocation size, return that size.
memstat_get_memalloced
  Return the total number of bytes allocated for the memory type over its lifetime.
memstat_get_memfreed
  Return the total number of bytes freed for the memory type over its lifetime.
memstat_get_numallocs
  Return the total number of allocations for the memory type over its lifetime.
memstat_get_numfrees
  Return the total number of frees for the memory type over its lifetime.
memstat_get_bytes
  Return the current number of bytes allocated to the memory type.
memstat_get_count
  Return the current number of allocations for the memory type.
memstat_get_free
  If the memory allocator supports a cache, return the number of items in the cache.
memstat_get_failures
  If the memory allocator and type permit allocation failures, return the number of allocation failures measured.
memstat_get_caller_pointer
  Return a caller-owned pointer for the memory type.
memstat_set_caller_pointer
  Set a caller-owned pointer for the memory type.
memstat_get_caller_uint64
  Return a caller-owned integer for the memory type.
memstat_set_caller_uint64
  Set a caller-owned integer for the memory type.
memstat_get_zonefree
  If the memory allocator supports a multi-level allocation structure, return the number of cached items in the zone. These items will be in a fully constructed state available for immediate use.
memstat_get_kegfree
  If the memory allocator supports a multi-level allocation structure, return the number of cached items in the keg. These items may be in a partially constructed state, and may require further processing before they can be made available for use.
memstat_get_percpu_memalloced
  If the memory allocator supports per-CPU statistics, return the number of bytes of memory allocated for the memory type on the CPU over its lifetime.
memstat_get_percpu_memfreed
  If the memory allocator supports per-CPU statistics, return the number of bytes of memory freed from the memory type on the CPU over its lifetime.
memstat_get_percpu_numallocs
  If the memory allocator supports per-CPU statistics, return the number of allocations for the memory type on the CPU over its lifetime.
memstat_get_percpu_numfrees
  If the memory allocator supports per-CPU statistics, return the number of frees for the memory type on the CPU over its lifetime.
memstat_get_percpu_sizemask
  If the memory allocator supports variable size memory allocation and per-CPU statistics, return the size bitmask for the memory type on the CPU.
memstat_get_percpu_caller_pointer
  Return a caller-owned per-CPU pointer for the memory type.
memstat_set_percpu_caller_pointer
  Set a caller-owned per-CPU pointer for the memory type.
memstat_get_percpu_caller_uint64
  Return a caller-owned per-CPU integer for the memory type.
memsttat_set_percpu_caller_uint64
  Set a caller-owned per-CPU integer for the memory type.
memstat_get_percpu_free
  If the memory allocator supports a per-CPU cache, return the number of free items in the per-CPU cache of the designated CPU.

RETURN VALUES

libmemstat functions fall into three categories: functions returning a pointer to an object, functions returning an integer return value, and functions implementing accessor methods returning data from a
.Vt struct memory_type .

Functions returning a pointer to an object will generally return NULL on failure. memstat_mtl_alloc will return an error value via errno, which will consist of the value ENOMEM. Functions memstat_mtl_first, memstat_mtl_next, and memstat_mtl_find will return NULL when there is no entry or match in the list; however, this is not considered a failure mode and no error value is available.

Functions returning an integer success value will return 0 on success, or -1 on failure. If a failure is returned, the list error access method, memstat_mtl_geterror, may be used to retrieve the error state. The string representation of the error may be retrieved using memstat_strerror. Possible error values are:
MEMSTAT_ERROR_UNDEFINED Undefined error. Occurs if memstat_mtl_geterror is called on a list before an error associated with the list has occurred.
MEMSTAT_ERROR_NOMEMORY Insufficient memory. Occurs if library calls to malloc(3) fail, or if a system call to retrieve kernel statistics fails with ENOMEM.
MEMSTAT_ERROR_VERSION Returned if the current version of libmemstat is unable to interpret the statistics data returned by the kernel due to an explicit version mismatch, or to differences in data structures that cannot be reconciled.
MEMSTAT_ERROR_PERMISSION Returned if a statistics source returns errno values of EACCES or EPERM.
MEMSTAT_ERROR_TOOMANYCPUS Returned if the compile-time limit on the number of CPUs in libmemstat is lower than the number of CPUs returned by a statistics data source.
MEMSTAT_ERROR_DATAERROR Returned if libmemstat is unable to interpret statistics data returned by the data source, even though there does not appear to be a version problem.
MEMSTAT_ERROR_KVM Returned if libmemstat experiences an error while using kvm(3) interfaces to query statistics data. Use kvm_geterr(3) to retrieve the error.
MEMSTAT_ERROR_KVM_NOSYMBOL Returned if libmemstat is unable to read a required symbol from the kernel being operated on.
MEMSTAT_ERROR_KVM_SHORTREAD
  Returned if libmemstat attempts to read data from a live memory image or kernel core dump and insufficient data is returned.

Finally, functions returning data from a
.Vt struct memory_type pointer are not permitted to fail, and directly return either a statistic or pointer to a string.

EXAMPLES

Create a memory type list, query the uma(9) memory allocator for available statistics, and print out the number of allocations performed by the mbuf zone.
struct memory_type_list *mtlp;
struct memory_type *mtp;
uint64_t mbuf_count;

mtlp = memstat_mtl_alloc(); if (mtlp == NULL) err(-1, "memstat_mtl_alloc"); if (memstat_sysctl_uma(mtlp, 0) < 0) err(-1, "memstat_sysctl_uma"); mtp = memstat_mtl_find(mtlp, ALLOCATOR_UMA, "mbuf"); if (mtp == NULL) errx(-1, "memstat_mtl_find: mbuf not found"); mbuf_count = memstat_get_count(mtp); memstat_mtl_free(mtlp);

printf("mbufs: %llu\n", (unsigned long long)mbuf_count);

SEE ALSO

malloc(9), uma(9)

HISTORY

The libmemstat library appeared in
.Fx 6.0 .

AUTHORS

The kernel memory allocator changes necessary to support a general purpose monitoring library, along with the library, were written by
.An Robert Watson Aq rwatson@FreeBSD.org .

BUGS

There are memory allocators in the kernel, such as the VM page allocator and sf_buf allocator, which are not currently supported by libmemstat.

Once a memory type is present on a memory type list, it will not be removed even if the kernel no longer presents information on the type via its monitoring interfaces. In order to flush removed memory types, it is necessary to free the entire list and allocate a new one.

Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 3 |  Main Index


June 27, 2005 LIBMEMSTAT (3)

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.