GSP
Quick Navigator

Search Site

Linux VPS
A - Starter
B - Basic
C - Preferred
D - Commercial
MPS - Dedicated
Previous VPSs
* Sign Up! *

Support
Contact Us
Online Help
Handbooks
Domain Status
Man Pages

FAQ
Virtual Servers
Pricing
Billing
Technical

Network
Facilities
Connectivity
Topology Map

Miscellaneous
Server Agreement
Year 2038
Credits
 

USA Flag

 

 

Man Pages


Manual Reference Pages  - GROUP (5)

NAME

group - format of the group permissions file

CONTENTS

Description
Limits
Files
See Also
History
Bugs

DESCRIPTION

The group file is the local source of group information. It can be used in conjunction with the Hesiod domain ‘group’, and the NIS maps ‘group.byname’ and ‘group.bygid’, as controlled by nsswitch.conf(5).

The file group consists of newline separated ASCII records, one per group, containing four colon :’ separated fields. These fields are as follows:
group Name of the group.
passwd Group’s encrypted password.
gid The group’s decimal ID.
member Group members.

Lines whose first non-whitespace character is a pound-sign (#) are comments, and are ignored. Blank lines that consist only of spaces, tabs or newlines are also ignored.

The group field is the group name used for granting file access to users who are members of the group. The gid field is the number associated with the group name. They should both be unique across the system (and often across a group of systems) since they control file access. The passwd field is an optional encrypted password. This field is rarely used and an asterisk is normally placed in it rather than leaving it blank. The member field contains the names of users granted the privileges of group. The member names are separated by commas without spaces or newlines. A user is automatically in a group if that group was specified in their /etc/passwd entry and does not need to be added to that group in the group file.

LIMITS

There are various limitations which are explained in the function where they occur; see section SEE ALSO.

In older implementations, a group cannot have more than 200 members. The maximum line length of /etc/group is 1024 characters. Longer lines will be skipped. This limitation disappeared in
.Fx 3.0 . Older binaries that are statically linked, depend on old shared libraries, or non- Fx binaries in compatibility mode may still have this limit.

FILES

/etc/group
 

SEE ALSO

passwd(1), setgroups(2), crypt(3), getgrent(3), initgroups(3), nsswitch.conf(5), passwd(5), chkgrp(8), pw(8), yp(8)

HISTORY

A group file format appeared in AT&T v6 . Support for comments first appeared in
.Fx 3.0 .

BUGS

The passwd(1) command does not change the group passwords.
Search for    or go to Top of page |  Section 5 |  Main Index


September 29, 1994 GROUP (5)

Powered by GSP Visit the GSP FreeBSD Man Page Interface.
Output converted with manServer 1.07.