PSLATRD - reduce NB rows and columns of a real symmetric distributed matrix sub(
A ) = A(IA:IA+N-1,JA:JA+N-1) to symmetric tridiagonal form by an orthogonal
similarity transformation Q' * sub( A ) * Q,
- SUBROUTINE PSLATRD(
- UPLO, N, NB, A, IA, JA, DESCA, D, E, TAU, W, IW, JW, DESCW, WORK )
CHARACTER UPLO INTEGER IA, IW, JA, JW, N, NB INTEGER DESCA( * ), DESCW( * ) REAL
A( * ), D( * ), E( * ), TAU( * ), W( * ), WORK( * )
PSLATRD reduces NB rows and columns of a real symmetric distributed matrix sub(
A ) = A(IA:IA+N-1,JA:JA+N-1) to symmetric tridiagonal form by an orthogonal
similarity transformation Q' * sub( A ) * Q, and returns the matrices V and W
which are needed to apply the transformation to the unreduced part of sub( A
).
If UPLO = 'U', PSLATRD reduces the last NB rows and columns of a matrix, of
which the upper triangle is supplied;
if UPLO = 'L', PSLATRD reduces the first NB rows and columns of a matrix, of
which the lower triangle is supplied.
This is an auxiliary routine called by PSSYTRD.
Notes
=====
Each global data object is described by an associated description vector. This
vector stores the information required to establish the mapping between an
object element and its corresponding process and memory location.
Let A be a generic term for any 2D block cyclicly distributed array. Such a
global array has an associated description vector DESCA. In the following
comments, the character _ should be read as "of the global array".
NOTATION STORED IN EXPLANATION
--------------- -------------- --------------------------------------
DTYPE_A(global) DESCA( DTYPE_ )The descriptor type. In this case,
DTYPE_A = 1.
CTXT_A (global) DESCA( CTXT_ ) The BLACS context handle, indicating
the BLACS process grid A is distribu-
ted over. The context itself is glo-
bal, but the handle (the integer
value) may vary.
M_A (global) DESCA( M_ ) The number of rows in the global
array A.
N_A (global) DESCA( N_ ) The number of columns in the global
array A.
MB_A (global) DESCA( MB_ ) The blocking factor used to distribute
the rows of the array.
NB_A (global) DESCA( NB_ ) The blocking factor used to distribute
the columns of the array.
RSRC_A (global) DESCA( RSRC_ ) The process row over which the first
row of the array A is distributed. CSRC_A (global) DESCA( CSRC_ ) The process
column over which the
first column of the array A is
distributed.
LLD_A (local) DESCA( LLD_ ) The leading dimension of the local
array. LLD_A >= MAX(1,LOCr(M_A)).
Let K be the number of rows or columns of a distributed matrix, and assume that
its process grid has dimension p x q.
LOCr( K ) denotes the number of elements of K that a process would receive if K
were distributed over the p processes of its process column.
Similarly, LOCc( K ) denotes the number of elements of K that a process would
receive if K were distributed over the q processes of its process row.
The values of LOCr() and LOCc() may be determined via a call to the ScaLAPACK
tool function, NUMROC:
LOCr( M ) = NUMROC( M, MB_A, MYROW, RSRC_A, NPROW ),
LOCc( N ) = NUMROC( N, NB_A, MYCOL, CSRC_A, NPCOL ). An upper bound for these
quantities may be computed by:
LOCr( M ) <= ceil( ceil(M/MB_A)/NPROW )*MB_A
LOCc( N ) <= ceil( ceil(N/NB_A)/NPCOL )*NB_A
- UPLO (global input) CHARACTER
- Specifies whether the upper or lower triangular part of the symmetric
matrix sub( A ) is stored:
= 'U': Upper triangular
= 'L': Lower triangular
- N (global input) INTEGER
- The number of rows and columns to be operated on, i.e. the order of the
distributed submatrix sub( A ). N >= 0.
- NB (global input) INTEGER
- The number of rows and columns to be reduced.
- A (local input/local output) REAL pointer into the
- local memory to an array of dimension (LLD_A,LOCc(JA+N-1)). On entry, this
array contains the local pieces of the symmetric distributed matrix sub( A
). If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of sub( A )
contains the upper triangular part of the matrix, and its strictly lower
triangular part is not referenced. If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower
triangular part of sub( A ) contains the lower triangular part of the
matrix, and its strictly upper triangular part is not referenced. On exit,
if UPLO = 'U', the last NB columns have been reduced to tridiagonal form,
with the diagonal elements overwriting the diagonal elements of sub( A );
the elements above the diagonal with the array TAU, represent the
orthogonal matrix Q as a product of elementary reflectors. If UPLO = 'L',
the first NB columns have been reduced to tridiagonal form, with the
diagonal elements overwriting the diagonal elements of sub( A ); the
elements below the diagonal with the array TAU, represent the orthogonal
matrix Q as a product of elementary reflectors; See Further Details. IA
(global input) INTEGER The row index in the global array A indicating the
first row of sub( A ).
- JA (global input) INTEGER
- The column index in the global array A indicating the first column of sub(
A ).
- DESCA (global and local input) INTEGER array of dimension DLEN_.
- The array descriptor for the distributed matrix A.
- D (local output) REAL array, dimension LOCc(JA+N-1)
- The diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix T: D(i) = A(i,i). D is
tied to the distributed matrix A.
- E (local output) REAL array, dimension LOCc(JA+N-1)
- if UPLO = 'U', LOCc(JA+N-2) otherwise. The off-diagonal elements of the
tridiagonal matrix T: E(i) = A(i,i+1) if UPLO = 'U', E(i) = A(i+1,i) if
UPLO = 'L'. E is tied to the distributed matrix A.
- TAU (local output) REAL, array, dimension
- LOCc(JA+N-1). This array contains the scalar factors TAU of the elementary
reflectors. TAU is tied to the distributed matrix A.
- W (local output) REAL pointer into the local memory
- to an array of dimension (LLD_W,NB_W), This array contains the local
pieces of the N-by-NB_W matrix W required to update the unreduced part of
sub( A ).
- IW (global input) INTEGER
- The row index in the global array W indicating the first row of sub( W
).
- JW (global input) INTEGER
- The column index in the global array W indicating the first column of sub(
W ).
- DESCW (global and local input) INTEGER array of dimension DLEN_.
- The array descriptor for the distributed matrix W.
- WORK (local workspace) REAL array, dimension (NB_A)
If UPLO = 'U', the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary reflectors
Q = H(n) H(n-1) . . . H(n-nb+1).
Each H(i) has the form
H(i) = I - tau * v * v'
where tau is a real scalar, and v is a real vector with
v(i:n) = 0 and v(i-1) = 1; v(1:i-1) is stored on exit in
A(ia:ia+i-2,ja+i), and tau in TAU(ja+i-1).
If UPLO = 'L', the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary reflectors
Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(nb).
Each H(i) has the form
H(i) = I - tau * v * v'
where tau is a real scalar, and v is a real vector with
v(1:i) = 0 and v(i+1) = 1; v(i+2:n) is stored on exit in
A(ia+i+1:ia+n-1,ja+i-1), and tau in TAU(ja+i-1).
The elements of the vectors v together form the N-by-NB matrix V which is
needed, with W, to apply the transformation to the unreduced part of the
matrix, using a symmetric rank-2k update of the form: sub( A ) := sub( A ) -
V*W' - W*V'.
The contents of A on exit are illustrated by the following examples with n = 5
and nb = 2:
if UPLO = 'U': if UPLO = 'L':
( a a a v4 v5 ) ( d )
( a a v4 v5 ) ( 1 d )
( a 1 v5 ) ( v1 1 a )
( d 1 ) ( v1 v2 a a )
( d ) ( v1 v2 a a a )
where d denotes a diagonal element of the reduced matrix, a denotes an element
of the original matrix that is unchanged, and vi denotes an element of the
vector defining H(i).